Yasser Metwally

My life…and the world

The 280 MB Version of the Egyptian geographic magazine is here and ready to be downloaded

The author: Professor Yasser Metwally

http://yassermetwally.com


The Egyptian geographic magazine is a slideshow-based digital publication that contains too may images and too little words because I always regarded pictures as pieces of information (infographics) that are even more informative than words. Images (infograms) represent a wordless international language that can be understood by any human being without the need for an interpreter and without the need to translate any thing to any language. Photos here act as a medium of information in its own right rather than to enhance a text. Instead of the images acting as a supplement to the text, this publication highlights the use of photographs as the predominant medium for the imparting of information. This publication is about Egypt that will ultimately describe every thing about Egypt in photos rather than words. Images are grouped in flash-dependent slideshows to maximize the interest of the reader on one hand and the ease of use on the other hand.

When i talk about images, i mean sill images, with no verbal or written comments or background music. This publication is composed of Voiceless, commentless, musicless, and motionless still images, the whole story is told by still images and still images only. Comments and music will direct the viewer to a certain direction and that is not what i mean or want. The limitation here is your imagination.

egm

Figure 1. The CD-ROM version

This publication represents what is called photojournalism. Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that creates images in order to tell a news story. It is now usually understood to refer only to still images, but in some cases the term also refers to video used in broadcast journalism. Photojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography (e.g., documentary photography, social documentary photography, street photography or celebrity photography) by complying with a rigid ethical framework which demands that the work is both honest and impartial whilst telling the story in strictly journalistic terms. Photojournalists create pictures that contribute to the news media.

Both the Online version and the CD-ROM version are ever growing publications that is to say "more and more data and slideshows are added on regular basis".

You need adobe flash player (which must be installed in your computer) to be able to play the slideshows.

Please note that The CD-ROM and the downloadable publications are supplied as is without any warranty whatsoever, either publications are not designed to fit any of your purposes or to meet any of your requirement. The downloadable version can be distributed free of charge without the need for any permissions.

The 280 MB version is the last CD-ROM version to be uploaded (uploaded on 27-3-2014) It contains all the data present in the online version until the day it was uploaded. The online Version will certainly contain more data in the Future. In the Future the CD-ROM version will also be updated hand in hand with the online version, but will not be uploaded. If you are interested, you can get the current CD-ROM version from the author free of charge at any time. If you are living in my country (Egypt) please contact me to get your free copy of the CD-ROM version. If you are living outside Egypt you will have to pay for handling and shipping.

To get the Current CD-ROM version (17-3-2014) you can Click here or use the following link: http://1drv.ms/OY3L7V. Remember that the publication’ size is 280 MB and can be freely distributed free of charge.

Please be informed that you can access the online version from within the downloaded CD-ROM version or by clicking on the following link: http://egm.yassermetwally.com

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March 28, 2014 Posted by | Ancient Egyptian panorama, Arabic Egyptian panorama, Modern Egyptian panorama, Underwater photography | Leave a comment

The offline version (CD–ROM version) of the Egyptian geographic magazine is now online for download (100 MB)

The author: Professor Yasser Metwally

http://yassermetwally.com


September 25, 2013 — yassermetwally.com corporation is Proud to announce the the full offline version of the Egyptian geographic magazine (The CD-ROM version) is online and ready for download (100 MB)…(Click to download The CD-ROM version…100 MB)

The Egyptian geographic magazine is a slideshow-based digital publication that contains too may images and too little words because I always regarded pictures as pieces of information that are even more informative than words. Images represent an international language that can be understood by any human being without the need for an interpreter and without the need to translate any thing to any language. (Click to download The CD-ROM version…100 MB)

The Egyptian geographic magazine Figure 1. The online version of The Egyptian geographic magazine

This publication is about Egypt that will ultimately describe every thing about Egypt in photos rather than words. Images are grouped in flash-dependent slideshows to maximize the interest of the reader on one hand and the ease of use on the other hand. You need adobe flash player (which must be installed in your computer) to be able to play the slideshows. The downloadable version is a limited one and to keep this version as small as possible, it will not contains any more data, it contains only basic information. The CD-ROM version contains much more slideshows about Egypt than the downloadable one and it is free of charge and will always be. If you are interested to get your CD-ROM version, please contact the author. The CD-ROM full version is now online for download. (Click to download The CD-ROM version…100 MB)

September 25, 2013 Posted by | Ancient Egyptian panorama, Arabic Egyptian panorama, Modern Egyptian panorama | Leave a comment

Egyptian girl

The author: Professor Yasser Metwally

http://yassermetwally.com


Slide-show1. Egyptian girl

Click to download pictures in PDF format

Click for an online slide-show

April 23, 2013 Posted by | Arabic Egyptian panorama, Modern Egyptian panorama | Leave a comment

The Egyptian geographic magazine

The author: Professor Yasser Metwally

http://yassermetwally.com


The Egyptian geographic magazine is a non-medical product from yassermetwally.com corporation.

URL: http://yassermetwally.com/egm/egm.htm

The Egyptian geographic magazine is a slideshow-based digital publication that contains too may images and too little words because I always regarded pictures as pieces of information that are even more informative than words. Images represent an international language that can be understood by any human being without the need for an interpreter and without the need to translate any thing to any language. (Click to view)

Click to view the Egyyptian geographic magazine
Figure 1. The online version of The Egyptian geographic magazine

This publication is about Egypt that will ultimately describe every thing about Egypt in photos rather than words. Images are grouped in flash-dependent slideshows to maximize the interest of the reader on one hand and the ease of use on the other hand. You need adobe flash player (which must be installed in your computer) to be able to play the slideshows. The downloadable version is a limited one and to keep this version as small as possible, it will not contains any more data, it contains only basic information (Click to download…44 MB). The CD-ROM version contains much more slideshows about Egypt than the downloadable one and it is free of charge and will always be. If you are interested to get your CD-ROM version, please contact the author.

March 29, 2013 Posted by | Ancient Egyptian panorama, Arabic Egyptian panorama, Modern Egyptian panorama, Underwater photography | Leave a comment

The Egyptian geographic magazine

The author: Professor Yasser Metwally

http://yassermetwally.com


The Egyptian geographic magazine is a slideshow-based digital publication that contains too may images and too little words because I always regarded pictures as pieces of information that are even more informative than words. This publication is about Egypt that will ultimately describe every thing about Egypt in photos rather than words. Images are grouped in flash-dependent slideshows to maximize the interest of the reader on one hand and the ease of use on the other hand. You need adobe flash player (which must be installed in your computer) to be able to play the slideshows. The downloadable version is a limited one and to keep this version as small as possible, it will not contains any more data, it contains only basic information (Click to download…44 MB). The CD-ROM version contains much more slideshows about Egypt than the downloadable one and it is free of charge and will always be. If you are interested to get your CD-ROM version, please contact the author.

The online version probably contains all slideshows present in the CD-ROM version and it is free of charge. However some slideshows that can not be played online are only present in the CD-ROM version.

Click to enlarge figure Figure 1. The Egyptian geographic Magazine

The Egyptian geographic magazine has three versions

1- An online version (Click to view)
2- A downloadable version (Click to download…44 MB)
3- The CD-ROM version

Both the Online version and the CD-ROM version are ever growing publications that is to say "more and more data and slideshows are added on regular basis". Please contact the author every few month to get the latest CD-ROM version of the publication, it is always free of charge.

Please note that The CD-ROM and the downloadable publications are supplied as is without any warranty whatsoever, either publications are not designed to fit any of your purposes or to meet any of your requirement. The downloadable version can be distributed free of charge without the need for any permissions.

Your opinion is very much important to me. Never hesitate to contact me for suggestions.
System requirement: Windows XP,VISTA,7 OR 8, with 1MB of RAM or more

The author
Professor Yasser Metwally
www.yassermetwally.com

The online version | My web site | Email the author

March 2, 2013 Posted by | Ancient Egyptian panorama, Arabic Egyptian panorama, Modern Egyptian panorama | 1 Comment

The citadel of Egypt

The author: Professor Yasser Metwally

http://yassermetwally.com


Video 1. The citadel of Egypt

Video 2. The citadel of Egypt


References

  1. The Citadel in Cairo [Full text]

November 26, 2009 Posted by | Arabic Egyptian panorama | Leave a comment

The Citadel in Cairo

The author: Professor Yasser Metwally

http://yassermetwally.com


One of Cairo’s most popular tourist attractions is the Citadel which houses a number of museums, ancient mosques and other sites, located on a spur of limestone that had been detached from its parent Moqattam Hills by quarrying. The Citadel is one of the world’s greatest monuments to medieval warfare, as well as a highly visible landmark on Cairo’s eastern skyline. Particularly when viewed from the back side (from the north), the Citadel reveals a very medieval character.

Figure 1. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

Slide show 1. The Citadel in Cairo

The area where the Citadel is now located began it’s life not as a great military base of operations, but as the “Dome of the Wind”, a pavilion created in 810 by Hatim Ibn Hartama, who was then governor. Indeed this area was well known for its cool breeze. These early governors, not realizing its strategic importance, simply used the pavilion for its view of Cairo. Between 1176 and 1183, Salah ad-Din (Saladin to Westerners 1171-1193 AD), an Abbasid Ruler, fortified the area to protect it against attacks by the Crusaders, and since then, it has never been without a military garrison. Originally it served as both a fortress and a royal city.

Legend has it that Salah ad-Din chose the site for its healthy air. The story goes that he hung pieces of meat up all around Cairo. Everywhere the meat spoilt within a day, with the exception of the Citadel area where it remained fresh for several days. But in reality this location provides a strategic advantage both to dominate Cairo and to defend outside attackers. Salah ad-Din had come from Syria where each town had some sort of fortress to act as a stronghold for the local ruler so it was only natural that he would carry this custom to Egypt.

Figure 2. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

Salah ad-Din used the most modern fortress building techniques of that time to construct the original Citadel. Great, round towers were build protruding from the walls so that defenders could direct flanking fire on those who might scale the walls. The walls themselves were ten meters (30 ft) high and three meters (10 ft) thick.

The Bir Yusuf (Salah ad-Din’s Well) was dug in order to supply the occupants of the fortress with an inexhaustible supply of drinking water. Some 87 meters (285 ft) deep, it was cut though solid rock down to the water table. It is not simply a shaft. There is a ramp large enough so that animals could descend into the well in order to power the machinery that lifted the water. Regrettably, the well is closed to tourists these days.

Most of the fortification was built after Salah ad-Din’s rule, being added to by almost every invader including the British, some of whom destroyed much of what existed before them.

Figure 3. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

After the death of Salah ad-Din, his nephew, Al-Kamil, reinforced the Citadel by enlarging several of the towers. Specifically, he encased the Burg al-Haddad (Blacksmith’s Tower) and the Burgar-Ramlab (Sand Tower) making them fully three times larger. These two towers controlled the narrow pass between the Citadel and the Muqattam hills. Al-Kamil also built a number of great keeps (towers) around the perimeter of the walls, three of which can still be seen overlooking the Citadel parking area. These massive structures were square, up to 25 meters (80 ft) tall and 30 meters (100 ft) wide. In 1218, upon the death of al-Kamil’s father, now Sultan al-Kamil moved his residence to the Citadel where he built his palace in what is now the Southern Enclosure. While the palace no longer exits, until the construction of the Abdeen Palace in the mid-19th century, it was the seat of government for the Country of Egypt.

Figure 4. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

When the Mumluks finally overthrew the Ayyubid rulers in 1250, their sultan Baybars al-Bunduqdari (1260-77) moved into al-Kamil’s palace. He isolated the palace compound by building a wall that divided the fortress into two separate enclosures linked by the Bab (gate) al-Qullah. The area where the palace once stood is referred to as the Southern Enclosure, while the larger part of the Citadel proper is referred to as the Northern Enclosure.

An-Nasir Muhammad, an interesting Sultan of this era who ruled during three separate periods (1294-1295, 1299-1309 and 1310-1341) tore down most of the earlier buildings in the Southern Enclosure and replaced them with considerably grander structures. Unfortunately, the only remaining facility built by him is the An-Nasir Mohammed Mosque. It was begun in 1318 and finished in 1355 and is located near the enclosure gate. We also know that he built a great Hall of Justice with a grand, green dome that towered above the other structures in the Southern Enclosure. Beside it was built the Qasr al-Ablaq (Striped Palace) with its black and yellow marble. This palace, used for official ceremonies and conducting affairs of state, had a staircase leading down to the Lower Enclosure and the Royal Stables where An-Nasir kept 4,800 horses.

Figure 5. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

The Ottomans controlled Egypt in one way or another between 1517 and the early 20th century, except for a brief French occupation. Much of what we see of the Citadel actually dates from this period. The Lower Enclosure where the stables of An-Nasir came to be known as the al-Azab because some of the Ottoman soldiers, known as the Azab regiments, were stationed in the Lower Enclosure. These soldiers were not allowed to wed until after they retired, and in fact the word Azab can be translated as “bachelor”.

Figure 6. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

The Ottomans rebuilt the wall that separates the Northern and Southern Enclosures, as well as the Bab al-Quallah. They also built the largest tower in today’s Citadel, the Burg al-Muqattam which rises above the entrance to the Citadel off Salah Saalem Highway. This tower is 25 meters (80 ft) tall and has a diameter of 24 meters (79 ft). In 1754 the Ottomans rebuilt the walls of the Lower Enclosure and added a fortified gate called the Bab el-Azab.

From the late 16th century until the French occupation, the strict military structure of the Ottoman soldiers gradually deteriorated. During this period, the Azab troops began to marry, and were even allowed to build their own housing within the fortress. By the mid 17th century, the Citadel had become an enclosed residential district with private shops and other commercial enterprises, as well as public baths and a maze of small streets.

Figure 7. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

The Ottoman Muhammad Ali Pasha, one of the great builders of Modern Egypt, came to power in 1805, and was responsible for considerable alteration and building within the Citadel. He rebuilt much of the outer walls and replaced many of the decaying interior buildings. He also reversed the roles of the Northern and Southern Enclosures, making the Northern Enclosure his private domain, while the Southern Enclosure was opened to the public. His Mohammed Ali Mosque (see also), built in the style called Ottoman Baroque that imitates the great religious mosques of Istanbul, today dominates the Southern Enclosure.

Figure 8. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

South of the Mosque in the Hawsh is the Gawharah (Jewel) Palace. This structure was built between 1811 and 1814 and housed the Egyptian government until it was later moved to the Abdeen Palace.

Figure 9. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

Today there is also a National Police Museum at the Citadel. It was built over the site of the Mamluk Striped Palace just opposite the Mosque of an-Nasir Muhammad. It has displays of law enforcement dating back to the dynastic period. However, in 1983 a hall from the Striped Palace was discovered buried deep beneath rubble, and can be seen at the southern end of this terrace. The terrace also provides a wonderful view of Cairo.

Just through the Bab al-Qullah in the Northern Enclosure one finds Muhammad Ali’s Harem Palace that was built in the same Ottoman style as the Jewel Palace. The statue in front is of Ibrahim Pasha by Charles Cordier. The Palace served as a family residence for the Khedive until the government was moved to Abdeen Palace. It was a military hospital during the British occupation and was only returned to Egyptian control after World War II. Since 1949, it has been the Military Museum of Egypt (founded by King Faruq). While the Museum has many artifacts illustrating warfare in Egypt, one of the most interesting attractions is the Summer Room. This room contains an elaborate system of marble fountains, basins and channels meant as a cooling system, and is probably the last such example in Cairo. In the livery court behind the carriage gate of the museum is a statue of Sulayman Pasha that originally stood in the city center. Just beyond this museum is a small Carriage Museum in what was the British Officer’s mess until 1946. Borrowed from the larger Carriage Museum in Bulaq, it contains eight carriages used by the Muhammad Ali family. Just behind this museum is the Burg at-Turfah (Masterpiece Tower), one of the largest of the square towers built by al-Kamil in 1207.

Figure 10. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

Near the far end of the Northern Enclosure is the Suleyman Pasha Mosque. It was the first Ottoman style mosque built in Egypt and dates from 1528. It was built to serve the early Ottoman troops.

Figure 11. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

Today the Citadel is one of Egypt main attractions and is often the most popular non-pharaonic monuments. One may walk through time here, from the medieval era onward. In addition, many other wonderful Islamic structures are nearby. For those with a little extra energy, a walk from the Citadel to the Khan el-Khalili is a delightful experiences.

Figure 12. The Citadel in Cairo (Click to enlarge figure)

October 6, 2008 Posted by | Arabic Egyptian panorama | 1 Comment