Information about Damietta (Dumyat)
The author: Professor Yasser Metwally
Town in northern Egypt with 96,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), in the Nile Delta, close to the Mediterranean coast, on the eastern bank of the outlet of the Damietta branch of the Nile. It is the capital of the Damietta, or Dumyat, governorate with 1.1 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 589 km².Today, the port of Damietta is about 13 km in from the Mediterranean Sea. Originally, Damietta was right on the sea, but due to its exposure to foreign navy, the port and town was relocated 6 km inland in the 13th century. Silting of the Nile has added the extra kilometres.While of minimal importance for centuries, Damietta has in modern times again become an important port. Still it is only 3rd of the Egyptian ports on the Mediterranean Sea, with Alexandria and Port Said ahead. One reason for this are the limitations of the port which cannot be accessed by deep water vessels, cargo must be transported on river barges.The industries of Damietta produce furniture, clothing, leatherwork and flour. Fishing is also an important activity.
Figure 1. Damietta map (Click to enlarge)
The port of Damietta dates to Roman tiemes. the configuration of the port at the mouth of the Damietta branch of the Nile has changed sigificantly over the centuries partly due to the increasing fan of the DELTA and partly due to progression/regressions of the Mediterranean Sea over the past 2000 years.
Video 1. End of Nile at Damietta
The new Damietta port is a multipurpose one which started recently to operate since July 1987, through which it has handled several million tons mostly grain, flour and other bulk goods, also general cargo The annual port capacity is 5.6 Million tons.
The new port is one of the most significant steps EGYPT has undertaken to improve foreign trade facilities. After a study of flow of trade-traffic undertaken through the Mediterranean in the late Seventies, Egyptian experts and US consultants agreed that a new port should be built between the two existing Mediterranean harbours of Alexandria and Port-Said.
Another requirement was proximity to the Nile River, in order to ensure access to inland navigation
Damietta port is situated on the Mediterranean coast, about 23 miles west of Port-Said with a road distance of 70 km, and 10 km from the Nile’s Eastern branch near the seaside resort Ras El-Bar.
Damietta produces about two thirds of the Egyptian production of furniture the total yearly production reachs 375,000 chamber, classified as sleeping rooms, receptions, salons and living rooms.
All that moreover producing the modern kitchens and chairs. Damietta’s production has the distinction in goodness and high taste which keep pace with the modernist international designs.
There is about 100,000 artison works in this industry moreover 100,000 worker in the commercial and industrial activities that supports it the daily production valuated by 200,000 pounds.
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